Questions 12-22 are based on the following passage.

DongKingman: Painter of Cities

A 1954 documentary about renowned watercolorpainter Dong Kingman shows the artist sitting on a stool on MottStreet in New York City’s Chinatown. A crowd of admiring spectators 12watched as Kingman squeezes dollops of paint from severaltubes into a tin watercolor 13box, from just a few primary colors, Kingman creates dozens of beautiful hues as he layers the translucent paint onto the paper on his easel. Each stroke of the brush and dab ofthe sponge transforms thinly sketched outlines into buildings, shopsigns, and streetlamps. The street scene Kingman begins composing in thisshort film is very much in keeping with the urban landscapes for which heis best known.

[1]Kingman was keenly interested in landscapepainting from an early age. [2] In Hong Kong, where Kingmancompleted his schooling, teachers at that time customarilyassigned students a formal " school name." [3] His interest was sokeen, in fact, that he was named after it. [4] The young boy who had beenDong Moy Shu became Dong Kingman. [5] The name Kingman was selectedfor its two 14parts, "king" and "man"; Cantonese tor "scenery" and"composition" [6] As Kingman developed as a painter, his workswere often compared to 15paintings by Chinese landscapeartists dating back to CE 960, a time when a strong tradition of landscapepainting emerged in Chinese art. [7] Kingman, however, 16vacated from that tradition in a number of ways, most notably in that he chose to focusnot on natural landscapes, such as mountains and rivers, but oncities.17

18His fine brushwork conveys detailed street-levelactivity: a peanut vendor pushing his cart on the sidewalk, a pigeonpecking for crumbs around a fire 19hydrant, an old man tending toa baby outside a doorway. His broader brush strokes and sponge-paintedshapes create majestic city skylines, with skyscrapers towering in thebackground, bridges connecting

neighborhoods on either side of a river, and 20delicatelypainted creatures, such as a tiny, barely visible catprowling in the bushes of a park. To art critics and fans alike, these city scenesrepresent the innovative spirit of twentieth-century urban Modernism.

During his career, Kingman exhibited his work 21internationally. He garnered much acclaim. In 1936, a critic described one of Kingman's solo exhibits as "twenty of thefreshest, most satisfying watercolors that have been seen hereabouts inmany a day."22


12.A. NO CHANGE B. had watched C. would watch D. watches

13. A. NO CHANGE B. box.From just a few primary colors, C. box from just a few primary colors, D. box,from just a few primary colors

14. A. NO CHANGE B. parts:"king" and "man, C. parts"king" and "man"; D. parts;"king" and "man"

15. A. NO  CHANGE B. Chinese landscape artists C. painters of Chinese landscapes D. artists

16. A. NO CHANGE B. evacuated C. departed D. retired

17. To make this paragraph most logical, sentence 3 should be placed

A. where it is now.

B. before sentence 1.

C. after sentence 1.

D. after sentence 4.

18. Which choice most effectively establishes the main topic of the paragraph?

A. Kingmanis considered a pioneer of the California Style school of painting.

B. Althoughcities were his main subject, Kingman did occasionally paint natural landscapes.

C. Inhis urban landscapes, Kingman captures the vibrancy of crowded cities.

D. In1929 Kingman moved to Oakland, California, where he attended the Fox Art School.

19. A. NO  CHANGE B. hydrant- C. hydrant: D. hydrant

20. The writer wants to complete the sentence with a third example of a detail Kingman uses to create his majestic city skylines. Which choice best accomplishes this goal?


B. exquisitelylettered street and storefront signs.

C. otherdetails that help define Kingman's urban landscapes.

D. enormous ships docking at busy urban ports.

21. Which choice mosteffectively combines the sentences at the underlined portion?

A. internationally,and Kingman also garnered

B. internationally;from exhibiting, he garnered

C. internationallybut garnered

D. internationally,garnering

22. The writer wantsto conclude the passage with a sentence that emphasizes an enduring legacy of Kingman's work. Which choice would best accomplish this goal?

A. AlthoughKingman's work might not be as famous as that of some other watercolor painters, such as Georgia O'Keeffe and Edward Hopper, it is well regarded by many people.

B. SinceKingman's death in 2000, museums across the United States and in China have continued to ensure that his now-iconic landscapes remain available for the public to enjoy.

C. Theurban landscapes depicted in Kingman's body of work are a testament to aptness of the name chosen for Kingman when he was just a boy.

D. Kingman'swork was but one example of a long-lasting tradition refreshed by an innovative artist with a new perspective.